FAQs on GST Registration

FAQs on GST Registration in India

The Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a comprehensive tax system introduced on July 1, 2017. It replaced various indirect taxes like VAT, service tax, and excise duty, establishing a single tax structure for the entire nation.

GST applies to the provision of goods and services, enhancing the clarity and simplicity of the tax system. Businesses dealing with goods and services must register under GST if their yearly turnover surpasses the specified threshold. This FAQ explains the GST registration procedure, covering eligibility standards, necessary paperwork, various registration types, and compliance obligations.

Certainly! Here is a comprehensive FAQ on GST (Goods and Services Tax) registration in India:

Frequently Asked Questions on GST Registration

Q1. What is GST?
GST (Goods and Services Tax) is a comprehensive, multi-stage, destination-based tax that is levied on every value addition. It is a single indirect tax for the whole nation, making India a unified common market.

Q2. Who needs to register for GST?
Any business whose annual turnover exceeds the threshold limit of Rs. 40 lakhs (Rs. 20 lakhs for NE and hill states) in a financial year must register for GST. Additionally, certain businesses such as those making inter-state supplies and e-commerce operators need to register irrespective of turnover.

Q3. What are the types of GST registrations?

  1. Regular Taxpayer: Normal businesses whose turnover exceeds the threshold limit.
  2. Composition Scheme: Small businesses with turnover up to Rs. 1.5 crores (Rs. 75 lakhs for NE states) can opt for this scheme to pay GST at a fixed rate.
  3. Casual Taxable Person: A person who occasionally undertakes a supply of goods or services in a state where they do not have a fixed place of business.
  4. Non-Resident Taxable Person: A person who supplies goods or services occasionally in India but has no fixed place of business in India.
  5. Input Service Distributor (ISD): A branch of an office that receives tax invoices for services and distributes the credit of tax paid to other branches.
  6. E-commerce Operators: Online platforms that facilitate sales.

FAQs on the GST Registration Process

Q4: How to register for GST?

  1. Visit the GST portal gst.gov.in.
  2. Go to the “Services” tab, select “Registration” and then “New Registration”.
  3. Fill in Part A of Form GST REG-01 with PAN, mobile number, and email ID.
  4. Verify via OTP.
  5. Fill in Part B with business details and upload the required documents.
  6. Submit the application.

Q5: What documents are required for GST registration?

  • PAN card of the business or applicant
  • Aadhaar card
  • Proof of business registration or incorporation certificate
  • Identity and address proof of promoters/directors with photographs
  • Address proof of the business place
  • Bank account statement or cancelled cheque
  • Digital Signature

Q6. How long does it take to get GST registration?
GST registration is typically processed within 3-7 working days if all provided information is correct and complete.

Q7. What is a GSTIN?
GSTIN (Goods and Services Tax Identification Number) is a unique 15-digit number assigned to each taxpayer after GST registration. The first 2 digits of the GSTIN are the State code, the next 10 digits are the PAN of the legal entity, the next two digits are for the entity code, and the last digit is the checksum number.

Q8. What are the benefits of GST registration?

  • Legal recognition as a supplier of goods or services.
  • Proper accounting of taxes paid on the input goods or services, which can be utilized for payment of GST due on the supply of goods or services.
  • Legally authorized to collect tax from purchasers and pass on the credit of the taxes paid on the goods or services supplied to purchasers or recipients.

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Q9. Can GST registration be amended?
Yes, changes can be made to the GST registration details by applying for amendment in Form GST REG-14. This can include changes to business details, principal place of business, additional place of business, etc.

Q10. What is the penalty for not registering under GST?
If a person is liable to be registered under GST but fails to do so, a penalty of 10% of the tax due or Rs. 10,000, whichever is higher, may be levied.

GST Compliance and Returns

Q11. What are GST returns?

GST returns are periodic statements filed by registered businesses to report their sales, purchases, tax collected on sales, and tax paid on purchases. Filing GST returns is crucial for businesses to stay GST compliant and to claim input tax credits (ITC). These returns help the tax authorities track the tax liabilities and compliance of businesses.

Q12. What are the types of GST returns?

  • GSTR-1: Monthly return for outward supplies of goods or services.
  • GSTR-2A: Read-only return for inward supplies, auto-populated from the suppliers’ GSTR-1.
  • GSTR-3B: Monthly self-declaration of summarized details of outward supplies, inward supplies, and tax liabilities.
  • GSTR-4: Quarterly return for composition scheme dealers.
  • GSTR-5: Monthly return for non-resident taxable persons.
  • GSTR-6: Monthly return for input service distributors (ISD).
  • GSTR-7: Monthly return for authorities deducting tax at source (TDS).
  • GSTR-8: Monthly return for e-commerce operators collecting tax at source (TCS).
  • GSTR-9: Annual return for regular taxpayers.
  • GSTR-9A: Annual return for composition scheme taxpayers.
  • GSTR-10: Final return for businesses whose GST registration has been canceled or surrendered.
  • GSTR-11: Monthly return for persons with UIN claiming a refund.
  • IFF: Monthly return for b2b outward supplies.

Q13. How often should GST returns be filed?

  • Monthly: GSTR-1 and GSTR-3B.
  • Quarterly: For composition scheme dealers in GSTR-4.
  • Annually: GSTR-9.

Q14. What is the due date for filing GST returns?

  • GSTR-1: 11th of the next month (monthly) or end of the month following the quarter (quarterly).
  • GSTR-3B: 20th, 24th of the next month
  • GSTR-4: 18th of the month following the quarter.
  • GSTR-9/9A: 31st December of the next financial year.

Q15. Can GST returns be revised?
No, GST returns cannot be revised once filed. However, any errors or omissions can be rectified in the subsequent return.

Additional Information

Q16. What is a Composition Scheme?
A composition scheme is a simpler method of paying GST designed for small taxpayers whose turnover is up to Rs. 1.5 crores. Under this scheme, taxpayers pay a fixed rate of GST and file quarterly returns.

Q17. What is the process for cancelling GST registration?
GST registration can be cancelled by submitting an application in Form GST REG-16. The officer may also cancel the registration on their own if there are reasons to believe that the registration was obtained using fraud, willful misstatement, or suppression of facts.

Q18. How to track GST registration status?
You can track the status of your GST registration application by logging into the GST portal and checking the “Track Application Status” under the Registration tab.

Feel free to ask if you need more specific information!

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GST Registration city-wise

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GST Registration in HyderabadGST Registration in Chennai
GST Registration in PatnaGST Registration in Bhopal

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